By Gerard Hughes
Hughes explains the foremost components in Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics terminology and highlights the debate concerning the interpretations of his writings. furthermore, he examines the function that Aristotle's ethics proceed to play in modern ethical philosophy through evaluating and contrasting his perspectives with these generally held this day.
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Extra info for Aristoteles # Hughes, Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethics BB
No moral assumptions need be smuggled into the argument in order to show that pneumonia is a disease, or sterility a malfunction. Even at this level, though, not everything is uncontroversial. Is homosexual orientation a malfunction or just a variation? In the field of mental health and emotional balance, things are still less clear-cut. Are the highs and lows which go with what is sometimes called an ‘artistic temperament’ somehow unbalanced? Is a dislike of members of another race an emotional malfunction?
23 Sarah Broadie rightly points out that throughout the discussion so far, Aristotle could count on a shared background education in his students. See Broadie  ch. 7 at several points. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 4 3 Folio THE FULFILLED LIFE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Folio 4 4 quite another to show that the argument is not equally compatible with conclusions which would seem morally outrageous, as in the case of the embezzler or the thief.
Are we to suppose that such activities as eating, or having sex, or enjoying music, or just relaxing, simply don’t count when we are deciding what a fulfilled life is? Even J. S. Mill never argued that ‘lower’ pleasures had no place in a utilitarian calculation; they just did not count for as much as the ‘higher’ pleasures. I think Aristotle might have replied to this that he would never wish to deny that a fulfilled life contains many activities, some of them very mundane, some of them pleasurable in themselves, some of them worth doing for their own sake (though not only for their own sake), and so on.