By George F. Gilder, Visit Amazon's Ray Kurzweil Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Ray Kurzweil, , Jay Richards
Pcs have gotten extra strong at an ever-increasing price, yet will they ever develop into unsleeping? man made intelligence guru Ray Kurzweil thinks so and explains how we are going to "download" our software program (our minds) and "upgrade" our (our our bodies) to turn into immortal -- sooner than the sunrise of the twenty second century. during this debate together with his critics, together with a number of Discovery Institute Fellows, Kurzweil defends his perspectives and units the degree for the imperative query: "What does it suggest to be human?"
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Extra resources for Are We Spiritual Machines?: Ray Kurzweil vs. the Critics of Strong A.I.
The universal occurrence in proteins of various structural motifs such as alpha helices and beta sheets conveys the impression that they represent independent or relatively independent components or separable modules.
The cure for Parkinson’s Disease is an actual, observer-independent causal effect on the human brain. But the sense in which the DNA strands stand for or represent different cities is entirely observer-relative. The DNA knows nothing about cities. ” But as commercial computers have become such an essential part of our lives, the word “computer” has shifted in meaning to mean “machinery designed by us to use for computing,” and, for all I know, we may go through a change of meaning so that people will be said to be computers only in a metaphorical sense.
Today almost all professional biologists have adopted the mechanistic/reductionist approach and assume that the basic parts of an organism (like the cogs of a watch) are the primary essential things, that a living organism (like a watch) is no more than the sum of its parts, and that it is the parts that determine the properties of the whole and that (like a watch) a complete description of all the properties of an organism may be had by characterizing its parts in isolation. The traditional vitalistic alternative has virtually no support.