By Mark Lawson, Peter Trebilcock
Steelwork bargains the chance for architectural expression, in addition to being structurally flexible and adaptable fabric. sturdy detailing is essential since it impacts structural functionality, charges, buildability and, possibly most significantly, visual appeal. when the alternative of the structural shape is frequently the province of the structural engineer, architects must have a extensive appreciation of the criteria resulting in the choice of the constitution and its information. normally, such a lot detailing of connections is the accountability of the steelwork fabricator, yet for uncovered steelwork, detailing is of even more curiosity to the architect, because it affects at the aesthetics of the constitution. during this recognize it's important that designers delight in the typical fabrication and erection thoughts which could exert a powerful effect at the approach and method of the detailing of recent steelwork in structures. Architectural layout in metal is a layout advisor to the detailing of uncovered steelwork in structures. it's a consultant which deals technical suggestions and common rules, in addition to examples of top perform. It covers all features from manufacture to detailing, specification of finishes and fabrication, delivering architects, in addition to engineers, with crucial details to notify the layout.
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Additional info for Architectural Design in Steel
In cases where headroom is limited, such as in renovation applications, Universal Column (UC) sections may be used as shallow, although heavier, beams. In many buildings, designing longer spans internally, such as by spanning directly between the façade columns, creates more flexible space planning. In this case, a variety of structural systems may be used, either as long-span primary beams or secondary beams. These long-span systems generally use the principles of composite construction to increase their stiffness and strength, and often provide for integration 11 of services within their depth.
5. The same concept was also used in the glazed cladding support to the Western Morning News building, Plymouth, illustrated in Colour Plate 13. 17. 18 Stratford Station showing use of repetitive curved frames (architect: Wilkinson Eyre) This relationship between the envelope and the primary structure brings with it other issues important to the building design, such as: • • • • • • • expression of the connections foundation and holding down points security and access (for external structures) fire-safety strategy corrosion protection of the external elements ‘cold-bridging’ through the envelope secondary supports to the roofs and walls to complement the chosen structural solution.
In smaller-scale applications, their use is more likely to depend upon a combination of technical and architectural arguments, such as the desire for a lightweight or membrane roof, or to support a glass wall with the minimum of obstruction. The tension structure may be partially or fully exposed, and both appearance and function are equally important to detailing. 11 Tied column used for architectural effect at Stockley Park, London (architect: Foster and Partners) roofs for sports buildings, halls and auditoria grandstands (Colour Plates 24 and 25) canopies cable-stayed bridges and walkways some ‘high profile’ buildings and structures (Colour Plate 23) railway, airport and other buildings for transportation tall glazed walls.