By Rob Staeger
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Additional resources for Angola
Most Angolans—approximately three-quarters of the population—are members of one of three major ethnic groups, the Ovimbundu (37 percent), Mbundu (22 percent), and Bakongo (13 percent). Although there are slight physical differences between each of these groups, the greatest difference is language. Each group speaks a dialect of Bantu that is distinctly different from the others. About 26 percent of the total population are members of other African tribal or ethnic groups. 57 58 Angola About 2 percent of Angola’s population are mestiços—people of mixed African and European descent.
By 2008 the organization projects that 1,500 new schools will have been built. The country’s system of secondary education lasts six to eight years. 2 million children of eligible age, only about 400,000 (18 percent) attend secondary school. For those who complete the program of secondary education, Angola has seven universities, including the University of Agostinho Neto and the Catholic University of Angola, which are both located in Luanda. Sports and Recreation Angolans enjoy many sports, but soccer and basketball are among their favorites.
Rebuilding the coffee industry may be the key to Angola’s economic recovery. Because coffee plantations do not require a lot of land, smaller companies can enter the business. This may help stabilize the economy in several areas, whereas if a single company were running large plantations in one region, only the people of that area would see the economic benefit. Rebuilding Angola’s fishing industry will also help the country reach its goal of becoming self-sufficient in food production. Angola has nearly 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of coastline, and its waters are rich in mackerel, tuna, and sardines.