By Monda Halpern
Concentrating on white; Anglo-Protestant farm ladies in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm ladies have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism used to be extra innovative than their conservative photo has recommended. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm ladies adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that interested in values and reports linked to ladies and that emphasised the variations among men and women, selling woman specificity, harmony, and separatism. those ideas have been proficient by way of farm women's overlapping roles as other halves and unpaid farm labourers.
Because males mostly owned the "family farm", farm women's fiscal welfare depended principally at the tender negotiation in their interconnected roles. but the ladies Halpern uncovers have been unusually outspoken approximately their devaluation at the farm and approximately patriarchal traditions and associations that mistreated ladies commonly. And On That Farm He Had a spouse exhibits how Ontario farm better halves and daughters sought to enhance their lives, mainly throughout the domestic economics circulation and Women's Institutes. They dedicated themselves to private improvement, to raising the character and standing in their paintings, and to public participation in social reform designed to assist others in addition to themselves. All of those efforts have been an expression in their social feminism, which persisted inspite of the dramatic adjustments in rural lifestyles at mid-century.
And On That Farm He Had a spouse will attract students and scholars of Canadian heritage, women's heritage, and rural reports, in addition to to common readers drawn to a overlooked tale of Ontario's previous.
Read or Download And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 PDF
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Additional resources for And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970
Running water in the kitchen for every riding-plow for the fields. A kerosene cookstove for every automobile truck. ”30 As this passage indicates, farm women and their supporters consistently drew analogies between the requirements of the barn with those of the home. fm Page 33 Monday, August 27, 2001 8:37 AM 33 Gender Conflict on the Farm machinery for women has not kept pace with labor-saving equipment so rapidly coming to farms. We have a lot of bank barns with warm, comfortable stables … yet a furnace that would keep every room in the house at a livable temperature is a rare luxury in many neighborhoods.
She must either marry or go to a factory or domestic service. … Think of the shame and disgrace of being forced into a marriage for the sake of a home. ” They suggested that if fathers “cannot leave their daughters enough to keep them, they should at least take a little and provide them with the means of learning some life-work. ”114 Both farm wives and daughters did more than lament their mistreatment by farm men. Wives, for example, employed various strategies to guarantee that they exerted influence and agency on the farm.
This spring, on account of scarcity of men, my husband is alone on 300 acres. I tried to help, by harrowing sometimes, and one day rode the three-horse cultivator. ”56 Elizabeth Davis of Tottenham, near Barrie, recalled that she “just love[d] being out on the tractor … you could just be thinking about things and looking around and enjoying nature and the fresh air, and there was a sense of rhythm, just going up and down the fields with the tractor, working. ” Davis regretted “having to come back into the house and face the mess there and to clean up later.