By Duke W., Tschinkel Y. (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0821843079

ISBN-13: 9780821843079

Articles during this quantity are according to talks given on the Gauss-Dirichlet convention held in GÃ¶ttingen on June 20-24, 2005. The convention honored the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the demise of C.-F. Gauss and the two hundredth anniversary of the beginning of J.-L. Dirichlet. the quantity starts off with a definitive precis of the existence and paintings of Dirichlet and maintains with 13 papers by way of prime specialists on examine themes of present curiosity in quantity concept that have been without delay stimulated through Gauss and Dirichlet. one of the themes are the distribution of primes (long mathematics progressions of primes and small gaps among primes), type teams of binary quadratic varieties, numerous features of the speculation of $L$-functions, the idea of modular types, and the examine of rational and crucial suggestions to polynomial equations in different variables. Titles during this sequence are co-published with the Clay arithmetic Institute (Cambridge, MA).

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Math. Intell. : Lectures on advanced analytic number theory. : Report on the theory of numbers. Bronx, New York: Chelsea, 1965. (Also in: Collected papers of Henry John Stephen Smith, vol. 1, 1894. : Geschichte der mathematischen Professuren im ersten Jahrhundert der Universit¨ at Breslau 1811–1911. Jahresber. Dtsch. -Ver. J. ): Correspondance entre Liouville et Dirichlet. Bull. Sci. , 2. Ser. 32, 47–62, 88–95 (1908) and 33, 47–64 (1908/09) THE LIFE AND WORK OF GUSTAV LEJEUNE DIRICHLET (1805–1859) 37 ¨ Wangerin, A.

K. J. ): Extraits de lettres de M. Ch. Hermite ` a M. Jacobi sur diﬀ´ erents objets de la th´ eorie des nombres. J. Reine Angew. Math. G. Lejeune Dirichlet zu seinem 175. Geburtstag. Mitt. Math. Ges. DDR, H. : Gustav Peter Lejeune Dirichlet. In: Mathematics in Berlin, ed. W. Begehr et al. on behalf of the Berliner Mathematische Gesellschaft. Berlin–Basel–Boston: Birkh¨ auser, 1998, pp. : Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet (1805–1859). Zum 200. Geburtstag. Mitt. Dtsch. -Verein. : Algebraic number theory.

He then deﬁnes the logarithm ∞ log L(s, χ) = p k=1 1 χ(p)k k pks (s > 1) and uses it to sift the primes in the progression (a + km)k≥1 by means of a summation over all φ(m) Dirichlet characters χ mod m: 1 φ(m) χ(a) log L(s, χ) = χ k≥1,p pk ≡a (mod m) (1) = p≡a (mod m) 1 kpks 1 + R(s) . ps Here, R(s) is the contribution of the terms with k ≥ 2 which converges absolutely for s > 12 . For χ = χ0 the series L(s, χ) even converges for s > 0 and is continuous in s. Dirichlet’s great discovery now is that (2) L(1, χ) = 0 for χ = χ0 .