By Arthur De Gobineau, Mark Guy Valerius Tyson
Written 1853–1855. Translated via Adrian Collins, M.A. advent via Dr. Oscar Levy, Editor of the accepted English model of Nietzsche's works. Digitized by means of the web Archive in 2011 with investment from collage of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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Thus mankind lives in the other of attraction The peoples. ; obedience to two laws, one of repulsion, these act with different force on different first is fully respected only by those races which can never raise themselves above the elementary completeness of the tribal life, while the power of the second, on the contrary, is the more absolute, as the racial units on which it is exercised more capable of development. Here especially I must be concrete. I have just taken the example of a people in embryo, whose state is like that of a single family.
More obsolete, credited, . 20 . THE RELATIVE MERIT OF GOVERNMENTS The country of which so many despaired has given Europe the glorious example of a desperate resistance to the fortune of our arms and at the present moment it is perhaps in Spain, of all the modern States, that the feeling of nationality is most ; intense. Finally, a institutions, government it is bad when, by the very nature of its gives colour to an antagonism between the supreme power and the mass of society. of the people, or between different classes Thus, in the Middle Ages, we see the kings of England and France engaged in a struggle with their great vassals, and the peasants flying at the throats of their overlords.
The ideals of goodness are as high now as they ever were in the loftiest minds of the seventeenth century and they have laid aside the bitterness, the strain of sternness and savagery—I was almost saying, of pedantry that sometimes coloured them in that age. And so, as a set-off to the frightful perversities of the modern spirit, we find, in the very temple where that spirit has set up the high altar of its power, a striking contrast, which never appeared to former centuries in the same consoling light as it has to our own.