By Otto Michael Lesch MD, Henriette Walter MD, Christian Wetschka PhD, Michie N. Hesselbrock PhD, Victor Hesselbrock PhD (auth.)
Alcohol and nicotine dependancy usually happen jointly. during the last ten years healing points and motivational innovations were significantly enhanced. accordingly, teams and subgroups were outlined and will be handled with particular drugs and tailored psychotherapies, top within the long-term to significantly higher and more beneficial effects than the as soon as generally utilized, rigorous abstinence -based treatments. in spite of the fact that, alcohol and nicotine habit nonetheless signify significant clinical and social problems.
In this ebook, new healing techniques are comprehensively defined, outlining the various interactions among character, atmosphere and the results of the substance.
In addition to prevention-based cures and prognosis, crucial mental and sociological ideas, in addition to medication-based remedies, also are provided intimately. All of those cures have lifelike goals and are of worldwide validity. additionally, the e-book offers a huge evaluate of the yank and eu epidemiology of alcohol and nicotine addictions. The ebook is written for all those that deal with and provide specialist treatment for alcohol and nicotine-addicted patients.
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Additional info for Alcohol and Tobacco: Medical and Sociological Aspects of Use, Abuse and Addiction
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. the expectation that the addictive drug makes a perspective more positive and enjoyable the expectation that the addictive drug enhances individual and social well-being the expectation that the addictive drug positively inﬂuences sexuality the expectation that the addictive drug enhances power and aggression the expectation that the addictive drug enhances social assertiveness the expectation that the addictive drug reduces and even removes tensions This interplay between expectations and the pharmacological effect of alco- Psychological theories hol and tobacco is also displayed biologically and permits behavioural pharmacological thinking which is also of therapeutic relevance.
1 % vs. 4 %). These results show that there is a common aetiology of tobacco and alcohol addiction and cannabis abuse, while in regard to opiates there are different aetiological paths to addiction (Figs. 12 and 13). Although it is well known that alcohol addicts often smoke it is important to know which smoking behaviour is used by which group of alcohol addicts (e. g. Fagerstroem positive vs. Fagerstroem negative). We therefore conducted a study with 100 smoking alcoholics and we were able to show that the smoking behaviour varies de- 32 pending on the subgroups of alcohol addicts.
However, almost all of the speciﬁed loci appear to impact the regulation of the dopamine system. Furthermore, there are other ﬁndings implicating the noradrenalin system, the serotonergic system and the nicotine acetylcholine receptor. Wodarz N et al. illustrated the role of the serotonergic systems in relationship to drinking and smoking behaviour (Wodarz N et al. 2004). In both al- Biological theories about the aetiology of tobacco and alcohol addiction cohol and nicotine addiction deﬁcits of serotonin were found.