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Additional info for Advanced direct injection combustion engine technologies and development: Volume 2: Diesel engines
0 litre for the 320d and 520d M Sport models produces 130 kW at 4000 rpm and 350 Nm of torque at 1750 rpm. The six-cylinder engine produces 170 kW at 4000 rpm and a torque of 520 Nm from 2000 to 2750 rpm for the 5- and 7- Series, but performance is enhanced to 210 kW at the higher rated speed of 4400 rpm and 580 Nm of torque from 1750 to 2250 rpm for the 535d M and X3, X5 and X6 xDrive 35d M Sports models. Interestingly, the flagship V8 engine is not available in the UK (source: BMW UK website).
42 Advanced direct injection CET and development block and head castings. 5 mm crankshaft offset to the cylinders, whereby the cylinders were ‘ahead’ of the crankshaft; this had been known historically as the ‘Desaxe’ crankshaft setting. This layout thus reduces con-rod obliquity during the firing stroke, which Honda said reduces noise and improves fuel consumption. 3 bar was generated by a turbocharger. A stamped stainless steel exhaust manifold facilitated rapid warm-up for the close-coupled oxidation catalyst.
3 lists the properties of grey and CG iron. 4. This illustrates the difference between two very similar engines, one with an aluminium cylinder block and the other using CG iron, and it is very interesting to note that the iron engine has the lower total engine weight. 8 Source: Turner and Dawson (2008). 89 Source: Turner and Dawson (2008). 18 Advanced direct injection CET and development No doubt the aluminium cylinder block is lighter, but as shown in the table it is longer, and so all the other engine components, notably the crankshaft, camshafts and cylinder heads, will also be longer, adding more weight to the engine.