By Albert H. Tillson Jr.
Accommodating Revolutions addresses an argument of lengthy status between historians of eighteenth-century the US and Virginia -- the level to which inner clash and/or consensus characterised the society of the progressive period. particularly, it emphasizes the complicated and sometimes self-defeating activities and judgements of dissidents and different non-elite teams. by means of targeting a small yet major zone, Tillson elucidates the a number of and interrelated assets of clash that beset progressive Virginia, but additionally explains why finally so little changed.In the Northern Neck -- the six-county component of Virginia's Tidewater mendacity among the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers -- Tillson scrutinizes a filthy rich and strong, yet afflicted, planter elite, which integrated such popular males as George Washington, Richard Henry Lee, Landon Carter, and Robert Carter. in the course of the overdue eighteenth and early 19th centuries, the Northern Neck gentry faced not just contradictions in cultural beliefs and behavioral styles inside of their very own lives, but in addition the power hostility in their poorer white acquaintances, coming up from a various array of neighborhood financial and political matters. those insecurities have been additional intensified by way of adjustments within the procedure of African American slavery and by means of the starting to be function of Scottish retailers and their Virginia brokers within the advertising of Chesapeake tobacco. For a time, the upheavals surrounding the battle for American Independence and the approximately contemporaneous upward push of brilliant, biracial evangelical non secular pursuits threatened to extend renowned discontent to the purpose of overwhelming the gentry's political authority and cultural hegemony. yet finally, the prevailing order survived primarily intact. partly, this was once as the region's leaders stumbled on how you can restrict and accommodate threatening advancements and styles of swap, principally by using conventional social and political appeals that had served them good for many years. but partly it used to be additionally simply because traditional Northern Neckers -- together with many leaders within the routine of wartime and spiritual dissidence -- consciously or unconsciously accommodated themselves to either the styles of financial switch remodeling their global and to the normal beliefs of the elite, and hence have been not able to articulate or settle for another imaginative and prescient for the way forward for the zone.
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Extra resources for Accommodating revolutions: Virginia's Northern Neck in an Era of Transformations, 1760-1810
In another case the social uncertainty was presumably less pleasant. John Turberville’s slave had delivered a side of mutton to Robert Carter at Nomini Hall. ” 95 39 Accom modat i ng R e volu t ions Ultimately, however, these mixed att itudes of the Northern Neck gentry suggest not so much hypocrisy and confusion as the substantial interdependence of commercial and non-commercial values in their economic world. English tobacco merchants, as well as Virginia planters, were enmeshed in these overlapping social and economic imperatives.
Therefore, William had secretly placed local direction of the vessel in Francis’s hands, while falsely telling both Philip and the Squire that each had complete leadership responsibility. In the December letter, Francis discussed at length the problem that had been posed by the disloyalties of Philip and other friends. 104 Thus, Francis established a contrast between his own friendship and the selfishness of Philip and others, while strengthening his claim to present compensation and future economic benefits and embedding that claim within the higher ideal of loyalty to family.
74 After a trip home from Philadelphia, Henry “Light horse Harry” Lee condemned the “stock gambling” with which all social classes along his route were obsessed. 75 Despite their frequently expressed opposition, however, the Northern Neck gentry aggressively and openly embraced much of the market ethos. 76 Thus, Henry Fitzhugh requested that the fi rm of Stewart and Campbell inform him of the price his tobacco brought by the hogshead as well as the pound. Because most people asked for prices by the former standard, Fitzhugh suggested that if he were able to provide this information, the London merchants would more easily gain consignments.